Archaeology Fine Arts Heritage & Conservation Journals and Publications

SPAFA Journal: “Digitalizing Sculptures: A Photogrammetry Implementation Towards Ancient Mataram Statuaries in Central Java, Indonesia”

“Digitalizing Sculptures: A Photogrammetry Implementation Towards Ancient Mataram Statuaries in Central Java, Indonesia | Digitalisasi Arca: Implementasi Fotogrametri Terhadap Patung-patung Mataram Kuno di Jawa Tengah, Indonesia”

by

Atina Winaya, R. Ahmad Ginanjar Purnawibawa, Brahmantara [n/a], Dian Effendi, Ashar Murdihastomo, Dimas Seno Bismoko, Titi Surti Nastiti, Agustijanto Indradjaja, Panji Syofiadisna, Sukawati Susetyo, Probo Santoso, Dian Rahayu Ekowati, Bambang Budi Utomo and Aris Banindro

Keywords: photogrammetry, sculptures, statues, iconography, ancient Mataram

Abstract:

The implementation of digital technology in cultural heritage in Indonesia started to develop in the past decade. However, Indonesia’s iconography studies have not optimized to utilize these advanced approaches. In some other countries, iconographic documentation is upgraded to advanced methods, such as recording objects in 3D form and archiving it into secure digital data, thus making the data more natural and realistic in three-dimensional documentation. It also catches and records the shape from all perspectives to bring neither a specific nor comprehensive observation. Therefore, it can extend the analysis for interpretation and preservation purposes. This article discusses the implementation of photogrammetry towards sculptural objects in Indonesia. The object selection went to several sculptures from the Ancient Mataram period in Java, which ruled from the 8th to 10th centuries AD. Close-range photogrammetry successfully generates the sculpture data into three-dimensional digital form. The results could support the Ancient Mataram sculptures studies in particular and improve Indonesia’s iconography studies in general.

Penerapan teknologi digital dalam bidang warisan budaya di Indonesia semakin berkembang dalam satu dekade terakhir. Namun, studi ikonografi Indonesia belum optimal untuk memanfaatkan pendekatan-pendekatan canggih tersebut. Sementara di beberapa negara lain, dokumentasi ikonografis ditingkatkan ke metode yang lebih canggih, seperti merekam objek dalam bentuk 3D dan mengarsipkannya ke dalam ruang digital. Teknologi digital juga memungkinkan warisan budaya direkam secara detail dan lengkap, sehingga dapat memperluas analisis untuk tujuan interpretasi dan pelestarian. Artikel ini membahas tentang penerapan fotogrametri terhadap benda pahat di Indonesia. Pemilihan objek dilakukan pada beberapa patung dari masa Mataram Kuno di Jawa yang memerintah pada abad ke-8 hingga ke-10 Masehi. Fotogrametri jarak dekat yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berhasil merekam data pahatan ke dalam bentuk digital tiga dimensi. Hasil penelitian ini dapat mendukung kajian seni pahat Mataram Kuno pada khususnya dan meningkatkan kajian ikonografi Indonesia pada umumnya.

Access the full article for free on the SPAFA Journal website at DOI: https://doi.org/10.26721/spafajournal.1q7to9g77f

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